Military History
Letters, Diaries, Manuscripts

Other Sections of the Guide: Letters, Diaries, & Manuscripts Home  

Our Civil War collections are listed in a separate section of the guide. This section covers all other eras of military history.

 See the VMI Archives Catalog for detailed descriptions

  •  Military Oral History Interviews
  • Almond, Edward Mallory, Collection. (MS#089)
    Biographical note: b. 1892, Luray, Virginia; graduate, Virginia Military Institute, 1915; Lt. Gen., United States Army; member VMI Board of Visitors; d. 1979, San Antonio, Texas; buried Arlington National Cemetery. Descriptive note: The collection (ca. 21 items) includes transcripts of two oral history interviews. The first interview was conducted by J. Addison Hagan on January 20, 1967, concerning the Inchon Operation during the Korean War; the second conducted by Capt. Thomas G. Fergusson on 25-30 March 1975, "Reminiscences of a Soldier; An Oral History of Lieutenant General Edward Mallory Almond, United States Army, 1892-1979." Other items include photographs (16 items), 1950-1951; misc. documents.
  • Anderson, Marvin J., papers  (MS #0472). Selected Full Text 
    Marvin J. Anderson, Jr. (VMI Class of 1943) was serving as a Lieutenant in the U. S. Army Air Force when he was killed in action in Tunisia,  North Africa on 24 February 1943.  He was a crew member on a B-26 bomber. The bulk of the papers relate to Anderson's army career. They include flight training documents, photographs, misc. other army records, and a file of documents pertaining to his death and burial.
  • Arnold, Thomas St. J., papers  (MS #0309)
    Biographical note:  Thomas St. John Arnold, b. 1913 Mobile, Alabama; VMI Class of 1935; United States Army Officer, 1936-1967; banker.  Descriptive note:   Papers from the military career of Thomas St. J. Arnold; most items date from World War II. Includes operational reports of the 92nd Infantry Division; misc. maps; photographs; correspondence.
  • Bachtell, Linford B., Papers (MS #0457)
    The papers consists primarily of items dating from the U. S. Air Force career of LTC Bachtell.  Included are flight records, log books, and miscellaneous certificates and military orders. Bachtell served as a pilot with the Military Air Transport and during the Vietnam War he piloted supplies to South Vietnam from Taiwan.
  • Barksdale, Alfred D., Papers (MS #0465) Full Text
    The papers consist of 9 items documenting the World War I U. S. Army career of Alfred Dickinson Barksdale (VMI Class of 1911).  Barksdale served in France in the 116th Infantry, 29th Division, from 1917-1919.  Included is a letter from Barksdale to his sister, dated August 20, 1918, written shortly after his arrival in France.
  • Britt, Albert S., Papers. (MS#048)
    Papers (1930-1962) of Army officer Albert Sidney Britt, VMI Class of 1930. Includes correspondence, reports, and other documents from Britt's military career. One scrapbook dates from his cadetship at VMI, 1926-1930. Size: 3 linear feet.
  • Byrd, J. Claiborn, Papers  (MS #0460)
    Descriptive note:   World War II papers of Lt. Col. J. Claiborn Byrd, who served with the 100th Infantry Division. The papers consist primarily of stateside training materials dating from his attendance at the Infantry School (Ft. Benning, GA, 1942) and the Command & General Staff College course (1943). A few miscellaneous documents date from the 100th Division's service in the European Theater. Byrd (b. 1908 d. 2000) was a businessman from Durham, NC
  • Burress, Withers A., Papers. (MS#058)
    Papers of General Withers A, Burress, VMI Class of 1914 and career Army officer. The papers cover the period 1942-1954. Included are photographs; subject file about the 100th Infantry Division; scrapbooks, miscellaneous correspondence, military orders and memoranda. Size: 1 linear foot.
  • Cooper, George L. H., Memoirs. (MS#0197)
    Typescript memoirs, approximately 325 pages, detailing Cooper's Marine Corps Service in the Pacific Theater during World War II.  He served with the 2d Engineer battalion, 2d Marine Division.
  • Couper, John L., Papers  (MS #0486).  Online Photographs Exhibit & Selected Full Text 
    World War II correspondence of Dr. John L. Couper (VMI Class of 1937), concerning his service in Europe with the U. S. Army Medical Corps.
  • Douglas, Wallace S., Collection  (MS #0486).  Details & Selected Full Text 
    World War II photos and documents concerning Dr. Douglas's (Class of 1922) service as a physician with the U. S. Army Medical Corps stationed in New Caledonia.
  • Downer, John W. collection.  (MS #430)
    Colonel John W. Downer (VMI Class of 1902), served in the United States Army from 1901-1943. He was also a member of the U. S. Riding Team at the Seventh Olympic Games in 1920 and served as an American representative on the U. S. Olympic Committee. The collection consists of a scrapbook presented to him on his 85th birthday in November 1966, containing documents and photographs from his military career; one mounted photograph of Col. Downer; and Downer's presentation copy of the book "Report of the American Olympic Committee, Seventh Olympic Games, Antwerp, Belgium, 1920."
  • Gerow, Lee S., Papers.   (MS#228)
    Misc. documents from the career of Brig. General Lee S. Gerow (b. 1891 d. 1982), VMI Class of 1913. Includes diplomas, citations, certificates of promotion, photographs, 14 page typescript autobiography (1979), misc. correspondence. Size: 1 lf.
  • Gerow, Leonard T., Papers. (MS#100)   Selected full text and additional information 
    Documents and photographs (ca. 120 items) from the military career of U.S. Army General Leonard Townsend Gerow (b. 1888 d.1972). Includes correspondence (ca. 25 items, 1940--1945) to and from General Dwight D. Eisenhower; autobiographical material; speeches (1945-1948); photographs. Size: .50 linear feet.
  • Graham, C. Barrett,  letters.  (MS# 0418)
    Letters (34 items) of Marine Corps Lieutenant Charles Barrett Graham (VMI Class of 1967). The letters were written to his parents and other family members, primarily during his tour of duty in Vietnam, 1968-1969. Graham served as a rifle platoon commander based at An Hoa (Fox Company, 2nd Battalion, 5th Marines) and subsequently was stationed at supply headquarters in Da Nang. Topics include patrols, general descriptions of countryside and villagers, destroying North Vietnamese food supplies. [Access restricted]
  • Hubbard, Mont., Collection  (MS #0327)
    Biographical note:   Mont Hubbard, b. 1910, Chatham, VA; VMI Class of 1932; businessman; Col., Artillery, United States Army, 1940-1946; d. 1968, Altavista, VA.  Descriptive note:  The collection consists of two annotated maps used by Col. Mont Hubbard during World War II. A map of France & Germany, 1943, approximate size 48 inches x 36 inches; map, "Operation Highlights of the Third Armored Division, 23 June 1944 - 25 April 1945," approximate 29 inches x 22 inches (2 copies).
  • Kibler, A. Franklin, Papers  (MS #0454)    View selected documents  
    During World War II Kibler served under General Omar Bradley as Assistant Chief of Staff for Operations, 12th Army Group, European Theater. Included are memoranda to and from Kibler and other senior officers (1943-1945); HQ 12th Army Group Commanding General's briefings (1944-1945); reports, including "Reports of the General Board, United States Forces, European Theater" (G-3 Section); photographs, and organizational charts.
  • Lee, Robert E. Mexican War Map collection (MS #0277) Detailed Guide & Online Exhibit
    A collection of 30 original maps used by Robert E. Lee during the Mexican War, 1846-1848. Lee was at that time a Captain in the U.S. Army Engineers Corps. Two of the maps bear his signature. An inventory is available.
  • Lexington Arsenal and Virginia Militia Records (MS #0244)  Full text
    An arsenal was completed at Lexington, Virginia in 1818 and some weapons and gunpowder were transferred there from the armory in Richmond. After the Virginia Military Institute was opened on the site of the arsenal in November 1839, the cadets served as guards for the arsenal, and regular troops were no longer stationed there. This collection contains 47 items, 1702-1839, concerning the operation of the Lexington Arsenal, various regiments of the Virginia Militia stationed in Lexington, and some militia records that pre-date the establishment of the arsenal. Documents include regimental returns, a register of the guard, garrison orders, accounts and payrolls, and appointment documents.
  • Lillard, John M., collection.   (MS #0413)
    The collection (18 items) consists of material dating from Lillard's service as a U.S. Navy pilot stationed in the Persian Gulf area. Included are tactical pilotage and jet navigation charts that he used during Operation Desert Storm and Operation Desert Shield in 1991; Joint Overhead Graphic of Lebanon (1983) used during operations in support of the Multinational Peacekeeping Force occupation of Beirut International Airport; photographs of U.S. Navy F-14s and the USS Abraham Lincoln; letter detailing his experience during the Persian Gulf War; and program from a memorial service held aboard the USS Theodore Roosevelt for three men killed in action in Feb. 1991. Lillard is a member of the Virginia Military Institute Class of 1980. Inventory available.
  • Moss, James B., Jr. Diary. (MS #00452)   Full Text
    World War II diary (1943-1944) of James B. Moss, Jr., VMI Class of 1946. Moss served with the 15th Field Artillery Observation Battalion at Anzio, Italy.
  • Nelson, John C., Papers (MS #0502)
    Misc. Papers and photographs dating from his service with as First Lieutenant, 119th Infantry, 30th Division, A.E.F. (approx. 25 items). He was in the Class of 1918.
  • Peay, J. H. Binford III, Interview (MS #5002)
    Oral history interview transcript.  This interview was conducted in August 2009 by Dr. Lewis Sorley for the U. S. Army Military History Institute Senior Officers Oral History Program. GEN Peay had a distinguished U. S. Army career before his service as VMI's 14th Superintendent.  See also: additional interviews conducted by VMI cadets, which are available online. Read GEN Peay bio  
  • Perkinson, T. Randolph, Papers. (MS #00473) View Selected Documents
    The bulk of the papers consists of miscellaneous items dating from Perkinson's the World War I service with the HQ, 30th Division, as an aide-de-camp to General S. L. Faison.
  • Randolph, John H., Jr., Papers (MS#00441)
    John H. Randolph, Jr., (VMI Class of 1942) served as a pilot in the United States Army Air Corps during World War II. Randolph saw action in the Pacific Theater and was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Air Medal. The collection includes military orders, misc. documents relating to bombing missions, misc. other military records, and five photographs.
  •  Richards, Gates T., Papers.   (MS#505)
    The collection consists of slides, photographs, printed material, leaflets and propaganda material, and miscellaneous documents dating from Richards' (Class of 1961) service in a Psychological Operations unit during the Vietnam War, 1966-1967
  • Rockenbach, Samuel Dickerson, Papers. (MS#001)   Detailed Guide and Online Exhibit 
    Military career papers (1889-1945)of army officer Samuel Dickerson Rockenbach (b. 1869 d. 1952), VMI Class of 1889. Rockenbach was notable for his role in the establishment of the U.S. Army Tank Corps during World War I and his postwar work in the development of tank warfare. Size: 2 linear feet.
  • Ruffner, David L., papers  (MS #0338)
    Biographical note:   David Lewis Ruffner, b. 1896, Charleston, West Virginia; VMI Class of 1917; United States Army officer, 1917-1953, retiring with the rank of Major General; d. 1973, Metarie, Louisiana.  Descriptive note:   Miscellaneous personal papers, 1940-1953, of General David L. Ruffner. The collection includes photographs, scrapbooks, and certificates. Medals and other artifacts are located in the VMI Museum.
  • Shepherd, Lemuel C., Jr. Papers. (MS#006)   
    Misc. papers (1896-1990) of Marine Corps General Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr., VMI Class of 1917. Shepherd served in World Wars I, II, Korea, and as Marine Corps Commandant. The collection consists primarily of scrapbooks and photographs that document Shepherd's cadetship (1914-1917), his military career, and his post-Marine Corps service as Chairman of the Inter-American Defense Board. Includes miscellaneous personal correspondence and military orders; however these items are not a significant portion of the collection. Size: ca. 5 linear feet.
  • Smith, Robert N., Papers (MS#0501).
    Misc. papers (ca. 10 items) dating from Smith's (Class of 1947) service with the 255th Infantry, Company M, 63rd Division in Germany, 1945.
  • Talbott, Samuel G., Papers. (MS#101)
    Biographical note: Samuel Greaner Talbott, b. 1877 Richmond, Virginia; VMI Class of 1899; United States Army officer, 1902-1945; died 1965, Virginia. Descriptive note: Papers (ca. 25 items) documenting Talbott's cadetship and part of his army career. Includes VMI report and confinement list (1898); diary and miscellaneous items dating from his service with the 28th Infantry Regiment in the Philippines, 1901-1903; awards and certificates.
  • Tobey, Nelson W., collection  (MS #0346)
    One typescript publication (196 pp.), "History of the 7th Field Artillery battalion, WWII," by Nelson W. Tobey, VMI Class of 1939.
  • Tompkins, George J., Jr., Papers (MS #0467) View documents
    Miscellaneous World War II papers documenting the army service of George J. Tompkins, Jr.   Included are Gen. Eisenhower's letter to the troops about to participate in the D-Day invasion, June 1944, and a similar item from President Roosevelt.  Tompkins is a member of the VMI Class of 1944.  See Also:  Tompkins Oral History Interview
  • Townes, John E., Collection (MS #0487) A portion of the papers includes photographs concerning Townes's service with the U S. Army Coast Artillery Corps, 1908-1920.
  • Upshur, William P., collection. (MS #082)  View Documents
    Biographical note: William Peterkin Upshur, b. 1881, Richmond, Virginia; VMI Class of 1902; Major General, United States Marine Corps; Commanding General, Department of the Pacific during World War II; died 1943 in plane crash near Sitka, Alaska. Descriptive note: The collection consists of two inspection trip scrapbooks, May 1942 and 1943 ("The Cruise of the Flying Cow"; "The Coconut Circuit"), documenting General Upshur's visits to various Pacific islands. Destinations included Midway, Pearl Harbor, Palmyra Island, Johnson Island.
  • Vivian, William R., Papers (MS #0494)
    A portion of the papers includes information about the 698th Field Artillery Battalion during World War II.
  • Whittle, William M., Papers (MS #0098)
    Military papers (approx. 21 items) of Captain William M. Whittle, VMI Class of 1917. Whittle served in World War I with the 314th Machine Gun Battalion and was sent to France in May 1918.