Letters, Diaries, Manuscripts.
Local & Regional History: Lexington, Rockbridge County and Shenandoah Valley
Other Sections of the Guide: Letters, Diaries, & Manuscripts Home
- Lexington, Virginia Census
1860 and 1870. Transcribed and annotated by Edwin. L. Dooley, Jr.
- Bank of Virginia document. (MS#057)
One bank document, issued on August 4, 1840 from the Buchanan office of the Bank of Virginia to Jacob M. Ruff, Proctor of Washington College. The notice states that Ruff, as co-signer for J.W. Pettigrew who cannot make payment, is responsible for repaying the sum of $825.
- Alexander S. Brown letters (MS #0217)
Two letters from Washington College student Alexander S. Brown to his sister, dated 1846 September 20 & 1848 September 7. The 1846 letter mentions the Cincinnati military class, in which Washington College students participated in military training conducted by VMI staff.
- Bushong Family Ledger (MS #0329)
Ledger-daybook (7.5 in. x 6 in. x 3/4 in., ca. 252 pages) that belonged to the Bushong family of New Market, Virginia. First section contains entries (1843-1853) by Jacob Bushong; later entries (1879-1903) are by Jacob's grandson, William F. Bushong. Bulk contains listing of daily expenses; also included are recipes and misc. notes. The Bushong family owned the land on which the Battle of New Market took place (May 15, 1864); their farmhouse is preserved as part of the New Market Battlefield Historical Park.
- Charles Carroll documents. (MS #411).
Miscellaneous financial papers (7 items, 1770-1826) of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Maryland statesman, a member of the Continental Congress and signer of the Declaration of Independence. Included are receipts and other documents relating to business transactions.
- Chew Family Account book. (MS#359)
Account book (8 x 6 x 1/2 inches; ca. 154 p.) of unidentified member of the Chew family from the Shenandoah Valley region in Virginia. Entries (1834-1883); most pre-1860), include itemized accounts of customers for a variety of goods and services; including carpentry, shoemaking, hauling; list of expenses; notes about crops and cattle; clippings; recipe.
- Eliza Clinedinst Crim correspondence (MS #0234)
Correspondence and postcards (approximately 12 items) of Eliza Clinedinst Crim, "Mother of the New Market Corps." Mrs. Crim writes to Charles M. Wesson, James B. Baylor, and others; the letters contain reminiscences about the Battle of New Market and various VMI alumni. Also miscellaneous other items.
- College of Avranches scrapbook (MS #0322)
Scrapbook presented to the Virginia Military Institute by the students of the College of Avranches (France) "as a token of their gratitude to General Patton, the Liberator of Avranches." Contains drawings, photographs, postcards and maps detailing the history of the town from its founding through the end of World War II.
- Alfred duPont letter (MS #0303)
One letter (April 27, 1844) from Alfred V. DuPont to Captain Alfred Mordecai (U.S. Ordnance Dept) discussing the testing of an unspecified weapon.
- Charles M. Figgat collection (MS #0283)Charles M. Figgat was the cashier at the Bank of Lexington who embezzled over $145,000 and fled on February 14, 1895. Figgat's actions forced the closure of the bank and adversely affected the local economy; VMI incurred significant losses. The collection contains a reward notice distributed after Figgat fled; 10 cancelled checks from local banks, 1870-1871, bearing Figgat's signature; and one petition to the Lexington school trustees endorsing Jacob Fuller for a teaching position, signed by Figgat and other citizens.
- Giles Gunn Papers (MS #0292)
The collection consists of five letters, 1848-1854, written by Giles Gunn, a teacher from Connecticut who was working in Lexington, Virginia during the mid-nineteenth century. The letters are addressed to Gunn's family in Litchfield County, Connecticut. He describes his teaching duties, events at the Virginia Military Institute (Finals , 1848, including a description of the VMI band; the murder of cadet Thomas Blackburn, 1854), and life in Lexington (schools, religion, rumor of a slave uprising, 1851).
- Henkel Family letters. (MS # 374) Full text
4 wartime letters concerning Henkel and Kagey families of New Market, Virginia. Jan. 2, 1863, Confederate soldier David Henkel (Price's Light Artillery) to his brother; discusses wounding of Capt. George W. Wooding; winter quarters. June 19, 1863, David to brother; on march to Maryland; needs money. 1863 Nov. 7, Mary Kagey of New Market to her brother David Kagey, a student at the University of Virginia; discusses family news, domestic matters, news of soldiers' capture. Jan. 15, 1864, Abram Henkel to David Kagey; discusses news from family and friends; yankees at Martinsburg & Winchester; substitutes in army. 2 undated documents signed by Solon P.C. Henkel, M.D. for reimbursement for goods taken from his farm by Union soldiers and for medical supplies used while he cared for Union soldiers at the Federal hospital in New Market.
- Historic American Buildings Survey for Lexington, Virginia (MS #0296)
The collection includes plans, photographs and descriptive text documenting selected Lexington and Rockbridge Country (Virginia) buildings which were included in the Historic American Buildings Survey. The Survey was conducted under the auspices of the National Park Service and the original records are located in the Library of Congress. The collection includes the following: Plans (oversized) of the Alexander-Withrow House, Reid-White House, Stono, Stono office, Winterview Farm Log Cabin. 2. Photos and/or text for the Alexander-Withrow House, VMI Barracks, Baxter House, Central Hotel, Covered Bridge, Jacob Ruff House, Lee Chapel, Main St., Miller's Mill, Pendleton-Coles House, Railroad Station, Reid-White House, Sheridan Livery, Stone House, Stono, VMI Superintendent's Quarters, Thorn Hill, Troubadour Theatre, Washington Hall (at Washington and Lee University), Willson-Walker House, and Winterview Farm Log Cabin.
- Mary Wilson Irwin sketchbooks. (MS #039)The collection consists of two sketchbooks (1897 & 1914), ca. 20 pages each, containing pencil drawings by Mary Wilson Irwin. No information about the artist is available. Subjects include the Virginia Military Institute; Washington and Lee University; Lexington, Virginia scenes; children. Some drawings bear inscription "MWI" and/or short description.
- Thomas Johnson document (MS #0385)
One page manuscript, dated May 10, 1707, Augusta County, Virginia. The document is a handwritten version of a newspaper advertisement signed by Thomas Johnson; he requests help in locating two stray horses and offers a reward for their return.
- Jordan Family collection (MS #0238)
Notebook, correspondence, and notes containing genealogical information about the John Jordan family of Lexington, Rockbridge County, Virginia. Jordan, a builder and brickmason active in Lexington during the early nineteenth century, was responsible for the construction of several of the town's most notable buildings. The collection also includes photographs of Col. John Jordan and his son John.
- Lee family documents (MS #0237)
Miscellaneous papers (13 items) of Robert E. Lee and Mary Custis Lee, including 4 holograph Robert E. Lee letters; 4 other documents bearing Lee's signature; presentation and other items signed by Mrs. Lee; and one letter (1926) from Mrs. William B. Anderson to Sydney B. Williamson relating the history of a quilt made by Mrs. Lee.
- Lee-Jackson Foundation Collection. (MS #0288)
A collection of approximately 50 miscellaneous unrelated manuscripts (1744 - 1908; bulk 19th century), donated by the Lee-Jackson Foundation in conjunction with their gift of the Jackson Papers (MS #0102). The items, primarily autograph letters, were purchased at various times by the Foundation; many date from the Civil War or bear the signatures of Civil War era notables.
- Lexington Arsenal and Virginia Militia Records (MS #0244) Full text
An arsenal was completed at Lexington, Virginia in 1818 and some weapons and gunpowder were transferred there from the armory in Richmond. After the Virginia Military Institute was opened on the site of the arsenal in November 1839, the cadets served as guards for the arsenal, and regular troops were no longer stationed there. This collection contains 47 items, 1702-1839, concerning the operation of the Lexington Arsenal, various regiments of the Virginia Militia stationed in Lexington, and some militia records that pre-date the establishment of the arsenal. Documents include regimental returns, a register of the guard, garrison orders, accounts and payrolls, and appointment documents.
- Martin Family letters. (MS# 0157)
Martin Family papers, 2 items. Letter from 14 year old Hattie to her mother Susan, of Winchester, VA, written while Hattie was visiting relatives in Lexington, Virginia (undated, ca. 1851); she sends general news of visit. Also letter (November 5, 1851) to Rev. John Martin from his father-in-law John Ruff, relating Lexington news; topics include street improvements.
- James M. Mason papers. (MS #409)
Correspondence (1831-1865, bulk 1831-1855; 7 items) of James M. Mason, United States legislator and Confederate diplomat. The collection consists of miscellaneous letters concerning personal financial matters and other personal business; one letter to Mr. Dallas, dated August 11, 1855, relates to presidential politics.
- McCormack, Rodney. Collection. (MS #503) McCormack (Class of 1957) was a collector who acquired VMI & local ephemera, misc. documents etc. This collection 1 folder of items connected to Lexington/Rockbridge Co. history from various eras.
- McDonald Family letter (MS #0211)
Biographical note: John Alexander McDonald, b. 1868 Durant, MS; VMI Class of 1889; physician; d. 1930, Lexington MS. Descriptive note: One letter dated November 8, 1886, to Cadet John A. McDonald from his sister, Annie. The letter contains primarily family news, but is difficult to read because of extensive water damage (this item was found in the VMI Barracks in 1936, during construction work).
- Daniel Morgan papers. (MS #0407)
Miscellaneous papers (6 items, 1788-1800) of Virginia Revolutionary War soldier General Daniel Morgan. Includes document dated 5 August 1788 concerning issue of "lands set apart for the Continental Line of Virginia;" and various memoranda of agreement concerning land sold by Daniel.
- Price Family Account Book /Price's Artillery Company roster. (MS #342) Full text
Primarily account book of Shenadoah Valley farmers Jacob & Berryman Price of New Market, Virginia, 1845-1874. Includes roster of the unit known as Price's Light Artillery, commanded by Captain Berryman Zirkle Price.
- Rockbridge County Sheriff's bond. (MS#051)
Bond document, 1829, for Rockbridge County, Virginia Sheriff Joseph Allen. Signed by James McDowell and other citizens of the county.
- George W. Rosenberger papers (MS #0387)
George W. Rosenberger (1823-1902) was a farmer and cattle breeder in New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia, and in Rockingham County, Virginia. His farm was active in the mid to late 19th century. The papers, (32 items, 1854-1884), consist of documents relating to the breeding and sale of cattle, 1854-1870's; Confederate government "tax in kind" assessment documents, 1864; miscellaneous Civil War documents, largely pertaining to Rosenberger's hiring of Abner Canada to serve as his substitute in Confederate Army; one Confederate bond, 1863, $500 denomination; 7 daguerreotypes of family members and cattle; 2 Rosenberger family photograph albums, ca. 1860-1880, containing images of various family members.
- John A. Saum account books and diary (MS #0383)
Biographical note: John Addison Saum, 1837-1878, of Edinburg, Shenandoah Co. Virginia; Confederate soldier; founder of Saum and Brother hardware in Edinburg. Descriptive note: 3 notebooks, 1864-1880, containing financial accounts (business and personal), notes, and a few diary entries written by John A. Saum and his brother Joseph. The most notable diary entries are dated May-June 1864, including a very brief account of the Battle of New Market.
- Waller Family Papers (MS #0484). Additional Information & Guide
The collection contains correspondence (1821-1849) to and from various members of the William M. Waller family of Amherst County, Virginia.
- Weather Observation Reports, Lexington, Virginia (MS #0335)
Collection consists of forms filled in by official weather station observers at the Virginia Military Institute, where the local station is located. The official observer has traditionally been a VMI Faculty member. The data is reported to the National Weather Service. Incomplete data for Oct. 1918, March 1920, December 1923, November 1927, June 1928, May 1938, and March 1949-December 1950. Data for August 1912 are illegible.
- Wise Family letters (MS #0248)
Miscellaneous incoming and outgoing correspondence (13 items) of Henry Alexander Wise, Governor of Virginia from 1856-1860. The letters are dated November 1859 through March 1861 and concern personal and family matters. Correspondents include Wises' third wife, Mary Lyons Wise, his nephews Tully and John Wise, and his son O. Jennings Wise. Also included is one unrelated letter (1813 July 19) from George Wise to Tully Wise, in which he describes the destruction by the British of his Norfolk County, Virginia plantation.