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VMI in the Civil War
Timeline

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  • 1859 November
    A contingent of the Corps was dispatched to Charles Town following John Brown's raid on the Harper's Ferry arsenal. Cadets stood guard at Brown's execution on December 2.New Market Painting detail - oval 
  • 1861 April
    The Corps was sent to Richmond, where cadets drilled Confederate army recruits. The commanding officer during this trip was Major Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson, who had joined VMI's faculty in 1851 as professor of natural and experimental philosophy and instructor of artillery. Jackson accepted a commission and left for active duty soon after the Corps arrived in Richmond.
  • 1862 May
    The Corps was ordered to aid General Jackson's forces during the McDowell campaign. The cadets, commanded by Scott Shipp, marched in pursuit of Federal troops but were not engaged in battle.
  • 1863 May
    General Stonewall Jackson died on May 10 from wounds received at the Battle of Chancellorsville, and his body was returned to Lexington for burial.
  • 1863 August-December
    The Corps was called into the field to defend against the raids of General William Averell, but were not engaged in battle.
  • 1864 May 15
    The Battle of New Market.
    The Corps, again under the command of Scott Shipp, marched into battle along with General John C. Breckinridge's forces against Federal troops led by General Franz Sigel. Ten cadets were mortally wounded.
  • 1864 June 11
    Federal troops, under the command of General David Hunter, entered Lexington. The Corps retreated to a camp in the Blue Ridge near Balcony Falls. VMI was burned the next day by Hunter's soldiers. On June 25 the Corps returned to Lexington, only to be furloughed two days later.
  • 1864 December
    Academic work resumed at the Alms House in Richmond, VMI's temporary headquarters.
  • 1865 AprilRichmond was evacuated and the Corps disbanded. The Confederacy surrendered at Appomattox.
  • 1865 October
    VMI reopened in Lexington.