Units and Casualties

Numbers engaged and casualties are difficult to accurately establish. Fortunately, for the Federals an official report of casualties for each Unit engaged was made out on May 22, 1864, but somehow it never found its way into the Official Records, nor is it to be found in the National Archives. However, the New York Tribune published it in full on May 27, 1864, and this is the source of most of the Federal figures below.

Confederate losses are more difficult to come by, though a few scattered reports exist, For the purposes of this list, only casualties of those units engaged in the main battle are listed; losses suffered before or after that are not included. Information adopted from The Battle of New Market by William C. Davis

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Federal Army - Major General Franz Sigel

  Killed Wounded Missing Total Percentage loss
 First Brigade-Moor          
18th Connecticut          
    -Peale 1 31 24 56 16%
28th Ohio             
    -Becker not engaged        
116th Ohio          
    -Washburn not engaged        
123d Ohio          
     -Kellogg 5 33 37 75 10.7%
First Brigade total 6 64 61 131 3.2.5%
Second Brigade-Thoburn          
   1st West Virginia          
     -Weddle 4 54 18 76 10.9%
    34th Massachusetts          
     -Wells 30 131 54 215 43%
    54th Pennsylvania          
     -Campbell 32 180 42 254 44.9%
    54th Pennsylvania          
Second Brigade total 67 392 126 585 21.7%
First Division total 73 456 187 716 19.1%

  Killed Wounded Missing Total Percentage loss
   First Brigade-Tibbitts          
    1st New York (Veteran)          
     -Taylor 12 26 9 47 not known
1st New York (Lincoln)          
     -Adams not engaged        
    1st Md. Potomac Home          
     -Daniel 1 1 - - not known
    21st New York          
      -Otis 2 12 - 14 not known
     14th Pennsylvania          
     -Duncan - 6 2 8 not known
First Brigade total 14 44 12 70 not known
Second Brigade-Wynkoop          
    15th New York          
     -Roessler 2 3 11 16 13.3%
20th Pennsylvania          
-Douglas 1 5 15 21 no figures
22d Pennsylvania          
-McNulty - - - - -
Second Brigade total 3 8 26 37  
First Cavalry Division total 17 52 38 107 approx. 5%

Killed Wounded Missing Total Percentage loss
96 520 225 841 13.4% 5 guns
         

Confederate Army - Major General Jon C. Breckinridge

  Killed Wounded Missing Total Percentage loss
  First Brigade -Echols          
    22d Virginia          
     -Patton 4 29 - 33 5.7%
    23d Virginia Battalion          
     -Derrick 2 75 79 3 3.6%
    26th Virginia Battalion          
     -Edgar 3 21 - 24 5.6%
First Brigade total 9 125 2 136 8.6%2
   Second Brigade-Wharton          
    30th Virginia Battalion          
     -Clark 1 45 - 46 13.3%
    51st Virginia          
     -Wolfe 2+ 90+ - 103 14.7%
    62d Virginia Mounted          
     -Smith 11 81 - 92 20.5%
    Co. A, 1st Missouri Cavalry          
     Woodson 5 35 - 40 64.5%
Second Brigade total 19+ 251+ - 281 18%3
Attached commands     Hart's engineer company        
     -Hart - 10 - 10 27%
    Augusta-Rockingham Reserves          
     -Harman not engaged        
Davis' Co. Md. Cavalry          
-Davis - - - - not known
23d Virginia Cavalry          
-White 4+   36+ 41+ 13%+
V.M.I. Cadets          
-Shipp 10 45 - 55 24.3%
Attached commands total 14+ 91+ 1+ 41+ 17.5%4
Infantry Division total 42+ 467+ 3+ 523+ 14%


 
Killed Wounded Missing Total Percentage loss
    18th Virginia          
     -Imboden not engaged        
    2d Maryland Battalion          
     -Gilmor not engaged        
    McNeill's Company, Partisans          
      -McNeill not engaged        
    43d Battalion          
     -Mosby not engaged        
Cavalry total not engaged      

  Killed Wounded Missing Total Percentage loss
    Chapman's battery          
     -Chapman 1 4 - 5 4%
    Jackson's battery          
     -Blain - 1 - 1 1%
    McClanahan's battery          
     -McClanahan - - - - -
    V.M.I. section          
     -Minge - 2 - 2 6.1%
Artillery total 1 7 - 8 2.3%

Killed Wounded Missing Total Percentage loss
43+ 474+ 3+ 531+ 13%