Bowling Green State University’s Assessment Site: They have a thorough program with learning outcomes, assessment plans, and reports. A good reference for how assessment should work. http://www.bgsu.edu/offices/assessment/
Do Grades Make the Grade for Program Assessment?http://www.abet.org/Linked Documents-UPDATE/Assessment/Assessment Tips4.pdf
The journal, Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, provides a search engine for their issues and as a result access to articles on assessment in a given discipline or topic.
The following is an example of a rubric that could be used to assess scientific writing and in general the scientific method. This rubric is from Rubrics for Web Lessons from San Diego State University. http://edweb.sdsu.edu/triton/tidepoolunit/Rubrics/reportrubric.html
Other examples from their main page include rubrics for collaboration, oral presentations, music performance, reflection journal, and a firsthand biography. While many of these are not appropriate to the core curriculum, they do provide examples for the types of questions and level of competence that cay be assessed as well as a format for developing rubrics. http://webquest.sdsu.edu/rubrics/weblessons.htm
This link is to a book from the University of Massachusetts Amherst entitled “Course-Based Review and Assessment. Methods for Understanding Student Learning”. http://www.umass.edu/oapa/oapa/publications/online_handbooks/course_based.pdf
The book provides a good discussion on incorporating assessment into the classroom and using assessment to inform teaching.
The Field-tested Learning Assessment Guide (FLAGuide:http://www.flaguide.org/ ) is a rich source of information about assessment. There is a good discussion for the rationale for assessment under the link to their Primer http://www.flaguide.org/start/start.php
The Assessment CyberGuide for Learning Goals and Outcomes in the Undergraduate Psychology Major from the American Psychological AssociationThe APA has developed an excellent resource to guide decisions about which assessment tools to use to measure various types of learning outcomes. Although the context is the curriculum in psychology, the principles for matching tools to outcomes would apply in many situations. See especially sections B1-An Overview of Assessment Strategies, B2-Evaluating Assessment Strategies, B-3 Considering Important Questions in Assessment, D-1 Linking Assessment tot he Psychology Learning Goals and Outcomes, and D-2 Overview of Optimal Assessment Strategies in Psychology. http://www.apa.org/ed/guide_outline.html