Stonewall Jackson Genealogy
Thomas Jonathan (Stonewall) Jackson married twice. His first wife was Elinor Junkin (1824-1854), who died shortly after giving birth to a stillborn son. His second wife, Mary Anna Morrison (1831-1915), was the mother of Julia Laura (1862-1889), the only Jackson child to reach adulthood. Julia married William Edmund Christian; they had two children.
Chart showing Jackson's children and grandchildren
Stonewall Jackson was descended from John Jackson (born ca. 1716 in Ireland; moved to London age 10; d. 1801) and Elizabeth Cummins (b. ca. 1719, London, England; d. 1825). Both were convicted of theft in 1749 in London's Old Bailey court, and were sentenced to seven-year indentures "to some of his Majesty's colonies and Plantations in America." The couple met on board the prison ship Litchfield which departed London in May 1749, and originally settled in Maryland. Both were able to complete their indentures early and they married in 1755. Shortly after the birth of their first child they left Maryland to become pioneers in the area that is now northwestern West Virginia. For more information see Chapter 1 of the notable biography Stonewall Jackson: the Man, the Soldier, the Legend by James I. Robertson, Jr.
Stonewall Jackson ancestors, showing descendants of John Jackson (Stonewall's great-grandfather), through 4 generations.
Jackson was devoted to his younger sister, Laura Ann Jackson Arnold (1826-1911). The other Jackson siblings, Elizabeth (1819-1826) and Warren (1821-1841), died young. Jackson also had a half-brother, William Wirt Woodson (1831-1875), through his mother's second marriage (in 1830) to Blake Baker Woodson (1783-1833). Thomas and Laura shared the memories of a difficult childhood and corresponded frequently in the years after Thomas left home to attend the United States Military Academy at West Point. This close relationship was destroyed during the Civil War. While her brother Thomas emerged as a brilliant Confederate military leader, Laura remained an outspoken Unionist, and she ultimately became estranged from both her brother and other members of the Jackson family. During much the war, her hometown of Beverly, WV was occupied by Federal troops; Laura cared for Union sick and wounded in her home. Her Union sympathies were a topic of conversation among her contemporaries. In a May 1863 letter to his wife, in which he discusses the fighting near Beverly, Mortimer Johnson reports "Mrs. J. Arnold--sister of Gen. Jackson--went off with the Yankees. Arnold stayed at home says he is a good southern man, that his wife is crazy but Hell he says, could not govern a Jackson."
Laura Ann Jackson descendants
It is not feasible to present online all of the material that is available on the genealogy of the Jackson and allied families. For additional information, see the following website and books:
For Jackson's correspondence with his sister, see our Stonewall Jackson Papers
- Jackson Family Brigade, Inc. Website of the Genealogical Association for Descendants of John Jackson (1715 - 1801)
- Colonel Edward Jackson, 1759-1828, Revolutionary soldier, by Nancy Ann Jackson and Linda Brake Meyers. Franklin, NC : Genealogy Pub. Service, 1995. The definitive resource for Jackson family genealogy.
- The Genealogies of the Jackson, Junkin & Morrison Families by Michael I. Shoop. Lexington, Va. : Published by the Garland Gray Memorial Research Center, Stonewall Jackson House, Historic Lexington Foundation, 1981.
- For biographical information about Jackson and various family members, see Stonewall Jackson--the man, the soldier, the legend, by James I. Robertson. New York : Macmillan Library Reference USA, 1997.